How does a stem cell transplantation work?
The biological task of stem cells is above all the repair and regeneration of defective body cells. These properties are used in stem cell therapy by inserting these cells at a high concentration level directly into the diseased tissue. There they activate the self-healing capacity of the tissue as well as transforming into tissue cells (e.g. cartilage or heart muscle). The mechanism behind this is to some extent still unknown, although it is assumed that stem cells release certain substances which activate the diseased tissue. Research is taking place to establish if individual defective body cells such as individual nerve cells in the spinal marrow or endothelial cells in vessels can be completely replaced by stem cells. Throughout the world scientists are in agreement that stem cell research contains great healing potential.